The drug is a component or combination of elements which may be used in or administered to human beings either to correct, restore, or to modify physiological functions. It exerts an immunological, pharmacological, or metabolic action or to make a medical diagnosis.
In a study between 2005 and 2006, drug use among elderly Americans in a group of 2377 people with an average age of 71 is below,
- 84% received at least one prescription drug,
- 44% received at least one over-the-counter(OTC) drug, and
- 52% received at least one dietary supplement.
Over the period 2010-2011, in a group of 2245 elderly Americans (average age of 71), those percentages are 88%, 38%, and 64%.
The drug helps to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease. Drug therapy is an essential part of the medical field and depends on the science of pharmacology for continual evaluation and pharmacy for appropriate management.
- Prescription drugs(medicines that a pharmacist dispenses only on the order of a physician, physician assistant, or qualified nurse prescription)
- Over-the-counter medications or non-prescription drugs (medicines that consumers can order for themselves without any prescription).Over the counter, the drug is some selective medicines.
Definition of OTC Drugs
Over-the-counter drugs or OTC drugs are medicines sold directly to a user from a dispensary without a prescription, as opposed to prescription drugs, which may be sold only to users possessing a valid prescription from a physician. In many countries, the regulatory agency selects OTC drugs to ensure that they contain constituents that are safe and effective to use without a physician’s care. By regulating active ingredients instead of specific drug formulations, governments allow manufacturers the freedom to formulate constituents, or combinations of components, into proprietary mixtures. OTC drugs are generally regulated by their active pharmaceutical ingredient rather than final products.
Certain drugs are classified as over-the-counter drugs, but only a pharmacist can give. It may frequently be with emergency contraception medicine. A small packet of a particular drug is available over the counter, but that larger packages require a physician’s prescription. OTC drug lists may vary from country to country.
OTC Drug’s Importance
There are three importance for the people to be familiar with otc drug for the following reason
1st: Many of the ingredients of OTC drugs are effective in treating common ailments, and it is essential to be able to help the patient select a safe and effective product
2nd: Many of the aliments in the OTC drug may worsen the existing medical condition or interact with prescription medication
3rd: The misuse or abuse of OTC drugs may produce significant medical complications.
Common OTC Drugs
- Chlorpheniramine, loratadine- Antihistamine
- Pseudoephedrine, xylometazoline- Nasal congestion
- Methoxyphenamine HCL- Bronchodilator
- Diphenhydramine- Antihistamine, Antitussive
- Ephedrine sulfate (topical)- Hemorrhoidal, Vasoconstrictor
- Nystatin (topical)- Anticandidal
- Miconazole (topical), clotrimazole- Antifungal, Anticandidal
- Omeprazole, ranitidine- Acid reducer
- Ketoconazole- Dandruff shampoo
- Permethrin- Pediculicidal
- Ketoprofen- Analgesic
- Pyrental promoate- Anthelmintic